Justice Centre Hong Kong advocates for the rights of refugees, other people seeking protection and survivors of torture, human trafficking and forced labour. Here are some facts and figures you maybe didn’t know.
Facts about refugees
- No one chooses to flee their country to be a refugee, but everyone has the right to seek asylum and receive protection .
- Hong Kong has one of the smallest global refugee populations. There are only around 14,000 people seeking protection here from countries like Sri Lanka, Burundi and Somalia. That is less than 0.2 per cent of people in Hong Kong .
- There are 25.4 million refugees in the world, 85 per cent of them are hosted by developing countries.
- Although China has signed the 1951 UN Refugee Convention, it has not been extended to Hong Kong, making it one of the only wealthy, developed jurisdictions in the world not party to this human rights instrument.
- Many Hong Kongers were once refugees themselves. Between 700,000 and 1 million refugees came to Hong Kong in the 1950s, eventually comprising one-third of the city’s population.
- Justice Centre’s Coming Clean research identified 17% of MDWs working in situations of forced labour. In real terms this means approximately 62,900 people. (2017)
Facts about human trafficking
- 40.3 million people are victims of human trafficking around the world.
- Human trafficking generates $32 billion for traffickers each year.
- Hong Kong is a destination and transit territory for men, women and children subjected to slavery from around the world.
- According to the Trafficking in Persons Report 2018 (TIP Report), the government of Hong Kong does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking.
 See Article 14, Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
 Based on Hong Kong Population of 7.482 Million.
 USD150 billion as of 2014 from forced labour.